The Smart Grid, Smart City pilot in Australia’s Hunter region shows that smart grid technologies could save the country billions in Australian Dollars annually. The pilot has been described as one of the largest commercial-scale trial applications in the world.
Smart meters trial
Smart Grid, Smart City, an AUS$100 million federally-funded project, was led by Ausgrid and ran between 2010 and 2014 in the region of New South Wales.
A range of smart technologies for households were piloted. Over 17,000 houses, with smart meters and other technology, were monitored and consumption patterns and energy efficiency levels were tested.
The analysis conducted by a consortium led by engineering firm, Arup, quantified the potential economic benefits from the mix of smart-grid devices, customer-feedback technologies and dynamic electricity tariffs used in the project.
Richard Sharp, principal and project director at Arup, said: “We estimate total net benefits across the grid in the order of AUS$28billion if the most promising smart-grid technologies were to be implemented nationally. That’s money that can be applied to other infrastructure and services, or shaved off bills for households or business.”
“For example, at the household level, we can use technology to change electricity usage patterns so as to dampen demand at peak periods, reducing capacity requirements over the long term.”
“Given the right mix of technologies, a smart grid is achievable. This means we get more out of our existing electricity infrastructure, and can stage investment in new infrastructure over longer periods.”
Smart grid reliability
The largest economic benefits came from technologies that improved the overall reliability of the network. Specifically, fault detection isolation and restoration technologies, which allowed for rapid detection and repair of network faults, are found to have potential to deliver billions of dollars in benefits if used nationally.
The consortium also found the trial of in-home electronic and online tools for monitoring and adjusting electricity usage in near-real time, coupled with ‘smart’ meters and alternate pricing models, gave households unprecedented control over when and how much electricity they consumed.
This led to a smoothing of consumption over the daily cycle and reduced call on the grid at peak times.
Trial technologies and applications
- Grid applications – grid-side monitoring and control technologies to reduce network operating costs and support the future planning and implementation of lower-cost networks
- Customer applications – residential electricity consumption, reliability, customer behavior and responses to feedback technologies and pricing models. This included an electric vehicle trial and investigations into the interoperability of electricity metering with gas and water metering;
- Distributed generation and distributed storage – distributed generation and distributed storage within electricity grids, at the level of small communities; and,
- Supporting information and communication technology platforms – integration of various high-speed, reliable and secure data communications network and associated IT systems with the electricity distribution network, including interoperability with the National Broadband Network.
Electricity sector reform
The results of the smart grid trial are revealed at a time when the Australian government seeks to reform regulations governing electricity supply and distribution.
Industry Minister Ian Macfarlane said the Smart Grid, Smart City project report provided further evidence of why the ongoing energy market reform was important to put the maximum downward pressure on electricity bills.
Mr Macfarlane said: “The report shows that these technologies could be used in a way that gives consumers the ability to monitor their energy use and to have greater control over the way they use electricity, including when they access power and at what cost.”
“The full range of issues relating to the energy sector is also being considered in the Government’s comprehensive Energy White Paper process.”